Saturday, May 23, 2020
Many people cannot understand why anyone would want to get involved in homosexual activity. There are many arguments about homosexuality whether is by nature or nurture. Before we make judgments on homosexuality, we need to identify the causes of homosexuality. Homosexuality is caused by genetic, biological and environmental factors. The first possible cause of homosexuality is genetic factors. Homosexuality is a trait from birth (Buchanan, 2000). Studies found that identical twins share many common traits. A study found that identical twins normally share homosexual behavior if one of them is homosexual. This proved that genes are likely to cause homosexuality. In addition, according to (Santinover, 2002), homosexuality is aÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦This research indicates that female relatives on the fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s side of homosexual tend to have fewer children compared to female relatives on the motherÃ¢â¬â¢s side. This gave reason for researchers to believe homosexual trait must be passed down through the female X chromosome. In addition, homosexuality can also be caused by biological factors. The first biological factor is hormonal imbalances in the body. Hormones play an important role in stimulating oneÃ¢â¬â¢s intensity of sexuality. Estrogen is normally associated with female and testosterone with the male. A homosexual man is likely to have either more estrogen or less testosterone and vice versa (Buchanan, 2000). Furthermore, sexual orientation is developed in the womb, as suggested by Bogaert (2006). He said a woman body may prompt an immune reaction on the male fetus as the body sees a male fetus as an Ã¢â¬ËoutsiderÃ¢â¬â¢. Therefore, antibodies will be created and this may affect the maleÃ¢â¬â¢s brain growth. This explains why older brothers are more likely to be gay. In addition to that, homosexual malesÃ¢â¬â¢ brain structures are similar to heterosexual females. According to Rahman (2008), these brain differences may develop early in the feotal development. Lastly, homosexuality can be caused by environmental factors. AdultsÃ¢â¬â¢ sexual behavior is influenced by their early sexual behavior (Cameron, 1999). The first sexual experience has great influence on both male and female. Based on FRI (Family
Tuesday, May 12, 2020
Sample details Pages: 4 Words: 1119 Downloads: 5 Date added: 2017/09/22 Category Advertising Essay Type Argumentative essay Tags: Communication Essay Did you like this example? In todayÃ¢â¬â¢s competitive global economy, frequent cross-border movements of employees occur, resulting in a growing diversity at the workplace. As this trend takes place between cultures, breakdown in communication is inevitable. This is known as the barriers to intercultural communication. These barriers hinder effective communication and hold back globalization of the world. Seven barriers to intercultural communications have been identified and will be further discussed. The following barriers consist of Anxiety; Assuming Similarity Instead of Difference; Ethnocentricity; Stereotypes and Prejudices; Nonverbal Misinterpretations; Language, and Modern Technology. The first barrier is the experience of high anxiety. This is especially common when one first steps into a new organisation or work environment in which he or she is totally unfamiliar with. People often feel more anxious when they are not aware of what they are expected to do and will subconsciously focus o n their feelings more than the surroundings. Thus, when people are in such situation, they may not pay attention to what others are saying or telling them. For instance, one may have experienced anxiety on the very first day in a new job. He may be too conscious of being new and out of place that causes him to focus so much of his attention on that feeling, that he makes common mistakes and appear awkward to others (Sagepub 2003). The second barrier is assuming similarity instead of difference. There are many differences between cultures thus one should not assume that everyone working in the same environment practise similar cultures. Cultural difference is a sensitive issue and making assumptions can be dangerous. It can be apparent between individuals or within an organisation. Cultural difference between individuals exists because people are being brought up differently. The types of values and principles instilled to them when they were young shape the culture they adopt today. Cultural difference between organisations exists when one firm practises differently from another. For example, employees of a Singapore firm normally knock off from work punctually while employees of a Japanese firm would often stay back and work longer hours than they are required. This is due to the different levels of attitude they possessed in their jobs. The Japanese tend to show more commitment to their jobs as compared to the locals. However, when one has no information about a new culture, it might make sense to assume that there are no differences and to behave like how he behaves in his home country. Nonetheless, each culture is different and unique to a certain extent (Sagepub 2003). Therefore, it is always better to ask than to assume. The third barrier is ethnocentrism. It can also be defined as judging another culture by oneÃ¢â¬â¢s own cultureÃ¢â¬â¢s standards. When a person makes ethnocentric judgements, he believes that his culture is better than th ose of others and strongly believes in the superiority of his own culture. Everything in a culture makes sense if one understands it. In contrast, the extreme can take place if individuals were to experience Ã¢â¬Å"culture shockÃ¢â¬ (Sagepub 2003). This means that when they are exposed to a new culture, they may go through a stage where they consider the new culture to be worse than their own culture and hence cannot agree or conform to it. Taking the same scenario as the one used for the Japanese firm, assuming that a particular employee who used to work with an employer that is people-oriented were to switch to working with a Japanese boss who is demanding and task-oriented, will this employee be likely to adapt to the new culture? He may be required to work overtime everyday and this may be unacceptable to him as he may have other commitments like spending time with his family and kids. The fourth barrier to effective intercultural communication is stereotypes and prejudice s. This is one of the most dangerous barriers nowadays and is used to judge unfair and differential treatment. In present society, stereotypes and prejudices may occur between different races, religions and beliefs. This includes stereotypes between Muslims and Christians in country like Indonesia. In the past, there are prejudices against females. Many believe that females are less capable than men in most areas especially in the area of having both a successful career and family. However, this prejudice is no longer apparent in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society. PeopleÃ¢â¬â¢s perception has changed and the phenomenon of more females stepping into the workforce and becoming more successful than men has risen. They have proven to be as capable as men as they too can juggle between both work and family lives. Some are in fact more capable due to the higher level of education they pursued. This has in turn made them more knowledgeable and affluent. The fifth barrier is nonverbal misinter pretation. People interpret nonverbal signs and symbols through the frame of reference of their own culture. This can lead to misunderstanding when the signs or symbols are interpreted differently from the initial meaning. For instance, Asians are generally more conservative as compared to Westerners. A typical Chinese worker who has never for once been exposed to a western culture may find it outrageous for her new western boss to hug and kiss her on the cheek upon their first meeting. She will perceive that this act is too intimidating and will naturally think that her boss wants to take advantage of her thus putting her in an uncomfortable spot. The sixth barrier is language. Although, in a business context, the English language dominates, this barrier is common in many workplaces. The three main components of language are slang, dialects and accents. A Chinese nationale may not comprehend what his western boss says and vice versa. This creates language barriers as the empl oyee may only have limited literacy in English while the employer could not speak Mandarin to convey the message he wishes to bring across to her. Even within the same language, there are different usages of certain words in diverse countries. Finally, the last barrier is the introduction of modern technology, especially the Internet. This easier access and cheaper choice of communication has not only provided convenience to people worldwide but also help speed up globalisation. However, the pervasive use of Short Message Service (SMS) and emails among individuals can also bring about cultural catastrophe. This is so as the expressions of the recipients cannot be seen but only visualized through assumptions made. Therefore, the ease of communicating through these electronic tools eliminates formality and business etiquette that leads to a breakdown in communication (Sagepub 2003). In conclusion, the various barriers to intercultural communication are certainly costly to the mu ltinational enterprise in terms of workplace relations, returns and revenues, customer relationship and the firmÃ¢â¬â¢s competitive advantages (Sagepub 2003). DonÃ¢â¬â¢t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Barriers to Intercultural Communication" essay for you Create order
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Public smoking is hazardous to health. It has already been identified by medical authorities as a major threat to public health, as a key contributor to preventable deaths anywhere in the world. It exposes non-smokers to second hand smoke (SHS), which is Ã¢â¬Å"a mixture of the smoke given off by the burning end of a cigarette, pipe or cigar and the smoke exhaled from the lungs of smokersÃ¢â¬ and which has proven to be almost as dangerous as the cigarette smoke directly inhaled by smokers. We will write a custom essay sample on Ban Public Smoking And Save Lives or any similar topic only for you Order Now In fact, it is believed that a nonsmoker who is closeted in a room with several smokers for an hour inhales dangerous chemicals equivalent to that contained in ten or more sticks of cigarette. (Cooper) [cigarette 2] Reports issued by the office of the Surgeon General declared that second hand smoke (or passive smoking), was considered a contributory factor in over 50,000 deaths every year during the early 1990s. [cigarette 5] On the other hand, LawsuitSearch. com [cigarette 6]stated that since it has already been clinically proven that people exposed to secondary smoke are prone to lung cancer, heart disease, asthma, chronic bronchitis, and other related diseases, employers who force their workers to be exposed to second hand smoke are now valid respondents to lawsuits. Meanwhile, an estimate made in the United Kingdom of deaths attributable to second hand smoke in the workplace and at home for the year 2003, found out that a total 617 employees died at the workplace while 2726 people aged 20-64, and 7959 over-65 year olds died from exposure to second hand smoke at home. Fatal strokes and heart disease aggravated by passive smoking (second hand smoke) were identified as the culprits in over 3,000 of the cases. (Jamrozik) [cigarette 8] These data certainly strengthens the case against second hand smoke. Allowed freely in public places, it can really prove harmful to nonsmokers. Armed with a prevalence of clinical data gathered around the globe, countries the world over, in what appears to be a concerted effort to save mankind from diseases caused or aggravated by second hand smoke, have, one after another, enacted laws declaring smoking in public areas illegal. The government of the Greater Kashmir banned it as early as 2002, with the term public places encompassing public offices, educational institutions, hospital buildings, libraries, auditoriums, public conveyance including railways, and court buildings. (Tobacco. org. ) [public smoking 3] In France, Chrisafris (2006) reported that the public smoking ban which will take effect February 2007 will cover universities, railway stations, and offices, while nightclubs, cafes, restaurants and bars were told to be ready for the ban a year after. [public smoking 7] Meanwhile, the ban in Hongkong which took effect January 1, 2007, included all indoor places such as restaurants, public places, workplaces, karaoke lounges, and bars. (Washburn, 2007) [public smoking 8] Over in Canada, smoking in public places will be prohibited in Quebec effective February 1, 2007, and smoking in bars, restaurants, nightclubs and cafes will be banned starting January 1, 2008. (Greenaway, 2007) The evidence against the hazards of public smoking can no longer be ignored, and the rest of the world has already spoken: public smoking must be banned if we want a healthy citizenry. The United States should now stop patronizing the tobacco industry and enforce a total ban on all public places in the country, because people are already dying. Smokers may invoke their freedom to smoke as they wish: when, where, or in what manner. However, people have now decided that enough is enough; that individual freedom can only be exercised as far as it doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t curtail other peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s own freedoms. Their right to smoke, therefore, must never prejudice nonsmokersÃ¢â¬â¢ right to inhale smoke-free air and, therefore, add years to their lives. Given the number of deaths occurring each year in countries around the world, public smoking could even be considered an act of homicide through reckless imprudence! REFERENCES Chrisafis, A. (2006). France sets date for public smoking ban. Guardian Unlimited. (Retrieved from: http://www. guardian. co. uk/smoking/story/0,,1890866,00. html) Cooper, P. G. (2005). Hazards of Smoking. University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center. (Retrieved from: http://www. cancer. med. umich. edu/prevention/hazards_of_smoking. shtml) Greenaway, N. (2007). CanWest News Service. The Gazette. (Retrieved from: http://www. canada. com/montrealgazette/news/story. html? id=c414c2a9-9d63-4bae-9c28-a2543ac. 59025) Jamrozik, K. (2005). Estimate of deaths attributable to passive smoking among UK adults: Database analysis. BMJ. (Retrieved from: http://www. bmj. com/cgi/content/abridged/330/7495/812) LawsuitSearch. com. (2006). (Retrieved from: http://www. lawsuitsearch. com/product-liability/smoke-exposure. aspx) The Reports of the Surgeon General: Secondary Smoking, Individual Rights, and Public Space. (n. d. ). Profiles in Science. (Retrieved from: http://profiles. nlm. nih. gov/NN/Views/Exhibit/narrative/secndary. html) Tobacco. org. (2002) Public smoking banned. (Retrieved from: http://www. tobacco. org/news/89098. html) Washburn, D. (2007). Public smoking banned in HKÃ¢â¬ ¦Mainland next? Shanghaiist. (Retrieved from: http://www. shanghiist. com/archives/2007/01/05/publicsmoking. php) How to cite Ban Public Smoking And Save Lives, Papers
Sunday, May 3, 2020
Question: Discuss about theLegal Aspects and International Business and Enterprise. Answer: Multinational Company Operating in Australia Nestle Australia is a corporation that has specialized in manufacturing and marketing a variety of food and beverage products. Nestle Australia Companys mission "Good Food, Good Life shows that it intends to ensure that its consumers eat sweet, most nutritious and have wide options for a variety of beverage and food to choose. Nestle portfolio covers a lot of beverages and classes of food providing clients with good taste and improved products that bring joy at every eating time and during the steps of life. Most Nestl's well-known brands are Nespresso, Nescafe, Milo, Toll House, Coffee-mate, Kitkat, Purina Friskies, and Maggi, among others. Nestle Australia products include infant foods, processed milk, coffee, nutritional healthcare products, chocolate, culinary products, nutritional snacks, pet foods and accessories among others. It also provides a wide range of assortment of noodles in different essence, frozen food products, dairy milk products, and espressos. Additionally, it p rovides an assortment of hot and cold beverages, light desserts together with a range of confectionery store, bakery item as well as pastry kit. Nestle has been performing remarkably well in the global business segment in pulling in consumers. Currently, Nestle Australia offers catering services in the direction of eateries, bistros, clubs and lodgings. Moreover, it provides pets nourishments, such as Purina. On the other hand, Nestle Company also exports its products to different nations. Nestle Australia Ltd Company was founded in 1908 and its headquarter is in Rhodes in Australia (Bloomberg.Com, 2016). It runs factories, offices, and distribution centers in Australia, Pacific Islands, and New Zealand. Additionally, people believe that Nestle as an international company dealing in food and beverage has a duty towards satisfying clients. The company has also taken an interest in the Oceanias culture, which is known by its assortments and variety of monetary circumstances, flavors, and cultures. Nestle Oceania became a crucial division in the grouping where the company activated it as a business as well as a dealer in the direction of the neighborhood. On the other hand, the company believes that their customers must live a healthy style by participating in sports activities; hence, they support many games occasions and have continued to guide individuals in the direction of being active. Other than that, they are the pioneers in identifying many issues such as peoples health and ecological safeguards (Nestle.com, 2012). Besides, Nestle in collaboration with Australia Institute of Sports is making the young people be familiar with various sports and the Nestl's diets (Bloomberg.Com, 2016). In 2008, Nestle became number one globally due to its international standings, strategic location in Sydney, higher competent employees, and the superb company's approach. It happened despite the hard-hitting economic situations by that period. Currently, Nestle company has over 490 factories as well as over 400, 000 staffs in 88 various nations around the world. Nestle is found in America, Africa, Europe, Australia and the Middle East. As the biggest food and Beverage Company, Nestle is determined to reach most of the nations globally. In Australia, Nestle Oceania had employed more than 6,500 staffs. Besides, the larger number of staff in this location, it also has more than 20 plants and four distributions centers that are claimed and handled by the Company. Nestle corporation is a Switzerland international food and health-related commodities business with headquarters in Vevey, Switzerland (Statista.com, 2015). It is the main food company internationally. Nestle company improves lives with science-based nutrition and health resolutions for all stages of life. Nestle helps consumers care for their lives and that of their families. Regulatory Frameworks That Affect the Multinational Company That Operates in Australia The regulatory framework that affects Nestle Company is the Forum on Food regulation (FoFR). Forum on Food Regulation is essentially in control of the growth of residential food administrative as well as the improvement of strategy rules for setting food principles. Additionally, FoFR has the capability to embrace, change or decline principles and to demand that the rules be evaluated. Those who are required to participate in FoFR include the Australia government, a Minister from New Zealand, Health Ministers from the nations in Australia, and other various Ministers from related nations where they were assigned through their jurisdictions. The Forum on Food regulation guarantees an entire food-chain technique towards the rules that govern food safety (agriculture.vic.gov.au, 2016). Additionally, the other regulatory framework affecting the multinational company working in Australia is the Food Standards Australia New Zealand (FSANZ). FSANZ is an organization that manages food standards in New Zealand and Australia. Its main responsibility is to build up and manage these two countries Food Standards Code, which proves necessities for foodstuffs such as foodstuff securities, additives, genetically modified foods, and additives. In Australia, FSANZ organizes ethics across the food supply chain. It also arranges principles in production and processing, as well as the doctrine intended for food cleanliness, and putting restrictions in food farming along with veterinary stuff. FSANZ develop principles in discussion with other included government organizations together with the stakeholders (Food Safety.govt.nz, 2016). Moreover, the national food security standards geared towards safeguarding the health and the security of the consumers get produced in accordance with the administrative approaches by the FSANZ and distributed as the Australia New Zealand Standards Code. Nations and regions control the execution of the requirements of the Food Standards Code. For example, Dairy Food Safety Victoria executes and respects the principles of the Australia and New Zealand Food Regulation in the dairy trade through its Victorian Dairy Act 2000 and the 1984 Food Act (Health.gov.au, 2016). Furthermore, the other food regulation framework is known as Food Regulatory Standard Committee (FRSC). FRSC is a board consisting of trustees of the Forum on Food Regulation. This association comprises of the senior authorities. FRSC assist in making strategy guidance towards FoFR and provides a guarantee to a steady process of dealing with the utilization as well as enforcement of food principles. Similarly, at the start, it exhorts the actions growth and audit of the IRSC and FoFR (Health.gov.au, 2016). Besides, the Australia food regulation system also entails: (1) The Australia New Zealand Food Regulation Standing Committee. This committee harmonizes approach pieces of advice to the Australia New Zealand Food Standards Council, which is headed by the office of the Secretary of Commonwealth health. The commission in charge engages the leaders of the divisions whose managers are the ANZFSC persons and the current Food Policy Unit of the Commonwealth Department of Health and Aged C are. (2) The Australia New Zealand Food Authority (ANZFA) will soon alter to be Food Standards Australia and New Zealand (FSANZ). Such constitutional right in the authority of the Commonwealth Health portfolio had a responsibility concerning building up all the residential food standards. (3) The accomplishment of the inter-Governmental Code requires changes to the ANZFA Act 1991 on the way to creating the techniques for the fresh foodstuff administrative structure. The major establishments of the new framework include The Australia New Zealand Food Standards Council, which is mandated to create strategy rules for making household food. Question 3 Treaties or Agreements that have Impact on the Products or Services that Multinational Company Provides in Australia Under the Australia, New Zealand Food Standards-setting Agreement, the Australia, and New Zealand have been in agreement to improve the combined foodstuff regulations in both countries. It is the reason why it is vital to evaluate the Country of Origin Labeling (CoOL) There is an equal country of origin agreements enclosed in other Australia and New Zealand ratification such as Australia Commerce Trade Descriptions Act 1905(CTDA) and Australia Trade Practices Act 1974 (TPA) (Food Standards Australia New Zealand, 2015). The Food Regulation Agreement (FRA) The Food regulation Agreement that was initially marked by the Council of Australian Government (COAG) in 2000, offers impact to an oath by State, Commonwealth, and Territory to a national strategy to deal with food guidelines within Australia (Health.gov.au, 2016). Food Regulation Agreement purpose is to provide a national understanding of the secure food controls to ensure the general health and security, reduce an administrative influence on food division, and to support coordination of Australia residential and export standards with universal principles. It also intended to provide money-making agreement and approval courses of action and to give a dependable executive methodology (Health.gov.au, 2016). Food Treaty among Australia and New Zealand The Australia and New Zealand governments made a Joint Food Standards System official by the means of a Treaty. It is the contract between the Australian government and the government of New Zealand whereby these two countries set up an arrangement to build up Development of Joint Food Standards. This a code is meant to remove the needles impediments to trade, receive a common arrangement of food principles and to support sharing of data (Food Standards Australia New Zealand, 2015). Australia-New Zealand Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement (ANZCERTA) The Australia-New Zealand Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement commonly referred as ANZCERTA is one of the inclusive joint free trade codes. It is responsible for the trade of various goods including agricultural products. The Treatys inner provision is the development of global trade responsible for free trade zone concerning Australia and New Zealand. Some of the objectives of ANZCERTA may include: First, strengthening a wide relationship between Australia and New Zealand. Second, is to develop closer economic relationships among the Member States through an equally helpful extension of free business between Australia and New Zealand (Hawke, 2011). Third, it is meant to eliminate impediments to business between New Zealand and Australia in a steady and progressive approach under an accepted timetable and with minimal restrictions. Last, is to build up business between Australia and New Zealand under conditions of fair competition. ANZCERTA has strengthened the growth of trade across the Tasman. Under its 32 years of existence, the arrangement of trade between New Zealand and Australia has increased tremendously. Many of the goals of the trade have been successful, the governments of the New Zealand and Australia have agreed to have Single Economic Market method to bring the economic relations closer (Hawke, 2011). SEM is currently applied to harmonize the two countries to allow trade, investors, and consumers to perform businesses across the Tasman in an atmosphere that seems not to have regulation. Such agreements have made it easier for Nestle to perform its businesses across these two countries with an ease. How the Treaty Impacts the Goods and Services of the Nestle Australia There various ways through which the Treaty influences the goods and services of the Nestle Australia. For example, the Treaty forces Nestle Australia to have ten years permit for selling Pfizers S-26 and SMA brands, which is followed by ten years ban period in which Nestle Company would not be allowed to re-enter into the business sector of selling Pfizer's brands. The regulations of the agreement state that any outsider supplier that wins the permit would have to source the items from Nestle, with a view that it will manufacture its own particular baby nourishment products within a short period of time. In those 10 year ban, nobody will get permitted in the direction of selling those products within Australia. However, it is trusted that the selected supplier would by this period selling its own products. On the other hand, ANZCERTA has made it easier Nestle goods and services to be manufactured and sold locally in New Zealand (Hawke, 2011). The agreement has made the Australian go vernment have more control over what goes over New Zealand by trading or other means. Nestle has become a major player in New Zealand employing over 650 workers across its six sites. Such treaties have allowed Nestle Australia to sell most of its chocolates manufactured in Melbourne to markets in New Zealand. Moreover, when there are no rules governing trade between countries, there will be no control on the quality of the food products sold to consumers and that could be risking peoples health. Therefore, Treaties and regulations can help in curbing search operations in an international business. References Agriculture.vic.gov.au, (2016). Victoria's Regulatory Food Framework. https://agriculture.vic.gov.au/agriculture/food-and-fibre-industries/food-regulators-forum/victorias-regulatory-food-framework Australianreview.net, (2001). The Australian food regulatory system: Troubling times ahead? https://www.australianreview.net/digest/2001/10/lawrence.html Bloomberg.com, (2016). Company Overview of Nestle Australia Ltd. [Online] Available at https://www.bloomberg.com/research/stocks/private/snapshot.asp?privcapId=12722296 Dairyreporter.com, (2012). FSANZ approves Nestle infant formula L- histidine level amendment. [Online] Available at: https://www.dairyreporter.com/Regulation-Safety/FSANZ-approves-Nestle-infant-formula-L-histidine-level-amendment Food Standards Australia New Zealand, (2015). Food law, treaties, and agreements. https://www.foodstandards.gov.au/about/foodlawandtreaties/pages/default.aspx Food safety.govt.nz, (2016). Food Standards Australia New Zealand (FSANZ). https://www.foodsafety.govt.nz/policy-law/food-regulation/australia-nz-cooperation/FSANZ/ [Accessed 15 September 2016]. Hawke, g. (2011). Australia New Zealand Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement (ANZCERTA) and Regional Integration. New Zealand International Review, 36(5), 26-27. Health.gov.au, (2016). The Food Regulation System. https://www.health.gov.au/internet/main/publishing.nsf/Content/foodsecretariat-system1.htm Ibisworld.com.au, (2015). Nestle Australia Ltd - Premium Company Report Australia. https://www.ibisworld.com.au/car/default.aspx?entid=807 Nestle.com, (2012). Nestl to manufacture medical nutrition products in Australia https://www.nestle.com/media/newsandfeatures/australia-medical-nutrition-aspx sbs.com.au, (2016). EPISODE 9: Food for Thought - Food Colours. [Online] Available at: https://www.sbs.com.au/shows/foodinvestigators/listings/detail/i/2/article/3431/Episode-9-Food-For-Thought-Food-Colours Statista.com, (2015). Total number of Nestl employees worldwide from 2008 to 2015 (in 1,000s). [Online] Available at: https://www.statista.com/statistics/255203/total-number-of-nestle-employees-worldwide/ Theaustralian.com.au, (2012). Nestle to license Pfizer formula brands in Australia under ACCC orders. https://www.theaustralian.com.au/business/companies/nestle-to-licence-pfizer-formula-brands-in-australia-under-accc-orders/story-fn91v9q3-1226522115399
Thursday, March 26, 2020
1. Preliminary Information: Stephen C. Lundin, Harry Paul, and John Christensen. Fish! A Proven Way to Boost Morale and Improve Results. New York: Hyperion, 2000. Print. 2. Summary: Fish! is the story of Mary Jane Ramirez, a mid-level manager who works at First Guarantee Financial in Seattle, and her efforts to transform her employeeÃ¢â¬â¢s attitudes. The story starts off with Mary Jane and her family moving to Seattle due to her husbandÃ¢â¬â¢s job relocation. Unfortunately, Mary JaneÃ¢â¬â¢s husband died unexpectedly from a blood clot in his brain, which left Mary Jane financially unsecure and forced her to accept a management position with First Guarantee. Mary JaneÃ¢â¬â¢s promotion bumped her up to the dreaded third floor, which is often referred to in the book as a Ã¢â¬Å"toxic waste dumpÃ¢â¬ . The staff on the third floor is known for being bored, uninterested, unmotivated and not helpful to the clients that they serve. We will write a custom essay sample on Pike Place Market and Work Environment or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Five weeks passed, and Mary JaneÃ¢â¬â¢s confidence was clearly shaken and all of her energy depleted, not to mention she was reporting to senior manager, Bill, who has a reputation of being very unpleasant and rude. Bill noticed the severe lack of motivation from level 3 and put Mary Jane in charge of changing the environment and the culture of level 3. With plenty of questions and no answers in sight, Mary Jane found herself at the infamous Pike Place Fish Market for lunch where she met Lonnie, a happy-go-lucky fishmonger, who gives her just the advice she needs about her situation with First Guarantee. Lonnie explained to her that Pike Place used to be exactly like First Guarantee, with the lack of motivation and the feeling that their work was boring, monotonous every single day. So, how were the fishermen at Pike Place able to turn their boring fish market into one of the most famous in the world? Lonnie explained it to Mary Jane in four simple steps. The first step, and arguably most important, is to Ã¢â¬Å"choose your attitude. Ã¢â¬ Choosing your attitude sounds simple enough, but it is crucial when it comes to the work environment. The second step is to Ã¢â¬Å"find ways to play. Ã¢â¬ This makes the work environment more fun and reduces the tension. The third step is to Ã¢â¬Å"be present. Ã¢â¬ This step ensures that youÃ¢â¬â¢re always living in the moment and not taking anything for granted. The fourth and final step is to Ã¢â¬Å"make their day. Ã¢â¬ This step focuses on the customers and making sure that their day was made with your interactions. With these four steps, Mary Jane was able to transform her Ã¢â¬Å"toxic waste dumpÃ¢â¬ to a healthy working environment. Just to be sure the company follows these steps, a plaque had been made and hung in the front entrance of the headquarters that reads: Ã¢â¬Å"As you enter this place of work please choose to make today a great day. Your colleagues, customers, team members, and you yourself will be thankful. Find ways to play. We can be serious about our work without being serious ourselves. Stay focused in order to be present when your customers and team members most need you. And should you feel your energy lapsing, try this sure fire remedy: Find someone who needs a helping hand, a word of support, or a good ear- and make their dayÃ¢â¬ (Lundin). 3. Critical Analysis: Fish! tells a wonderful and believable story about a common problem with todayÃ¢â¬â¢s workforce. Many workplace tasks can be considered monotonous and boring, and you do whatever you can just to get through the day. In todayÃ¢â¬â¢s world, when there is such a big emphasis on health and the overall well-being of employees, there shouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t be such a high rate of Ã¢â¬Å"toxic waste dumpsÃ¢â¬ , especially when we spend a considerable amount of our time in the work place. I liked how the authors used the world famous Pike Place Fish Market as an example to demonstrate that any job on the planet can be fun and tolerable with the right mindset. As Lonnie from the fish market said, Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m spoiled for life. I donÃ¢â¬â¢t think I could work in a typical market after experiencing this. As I mentioned, the market didnÃ¢â¬â¢t start this way. It, too, was an energy dump for many yearsÃ¢â¬ (Lundin). The four elements of LonnieÃ¢â¬â¢s philosophy really could be applicable to any work environment in need of revamping. Starting with choose your attitude; it is probably the most simple yet effective strategy in the book. As it is stated in the book: Ã¢â¬Å"there is always a choice about the way you do your work, even if there is not a choice about the work itselfÃ¢â¬ (Lundin). Any worker can choose their attitude that they bring to work; whether they are going to be miserable or if they are going to be happy and motivated. If you consistently choose to be in a positive mood, then odds are you will be much happier and productive in the long-run. After all, if you have to be at work, why not try and make the best out of it? The next philosophy is to play. We see this strategy come in to use for many companies today, especially Google. The general idea is that you can be serious about your work, but you can still have fun with the way you conduct your business. This shows that you are not always taking yourself so seriously, and you can understand the importance of humor even in stressful situations. If the ideology of play is incorporated in businesses, people will treat others well, workers will be more creative, the time passes more quickly, and the environment is healthier. The third philosophy is to make their day. This step is crucial when it comes to customer satisfaction. The idea is simple in theory: go out and approach customer service with the goal that you are going to make somebodyÃ¢â¬â¢s day. When you go out of your way to give your customer a memorable experience, it enhances your companyÃ¢â¬â¢s image and leaves a lasting impression. The fourth and final philosophy is to be present. This brings in an element of attention to the moment rather than zoning out of work. When you are not present while at work, more than likely time is being wasted staring at the clock, which also means you are not fully engaged with your clients or customers and diminishes the quality of your work. When you are present at work, all of those problems are solved and it makes you stand out from the rest of your coworkers. 4. Conclusion: Fish! is a must-read for any business that has signs of becoming a Ã¢â¬Å"toxic waste dump. Ã¢â¬ The book itself is short in length, and it delivers its message very clearly and effectively. The four basic philosophies discussed in the book are very simple, yet they can easily be implemented in any work environment to improve the overall atmosphere. I would recommend this book to anyone that fears their companyÃ¢â¬â¢s work environment might be in trouble.
Friday, March 6, 2020
ChÃ¢â¬â¢an and Zen Buddhism Throughout the early years in many East Asian countries, there were many people who were looking for answers to this worldÃ¢â¬â¢s, and otherworldly, questions. When Gotama became enlightened, and began preaching the practices of Buddhism, it came at such a time when the Han dynasty was collapsing, citizens were tired of Confucianism and looking for a new ideology that they could put there hearts and souls into. Over the years, Buddhism proved to be much more than just a religion; it became a way of life. But over time, the powerful orthodoxy transformed, and many different Buddhist sects emerged. One of the more popular sects, ChÃ¢â¬â¢an, or Zen, Buddhism, has become one of the most influential religions in China and Japan, and is still flourishing today. In the year 220 AD, as the Han dynasty was collapsing, Confucianism, then the state ideology, began to lose its popularity. This, along with the demise of the Han order, set up a situation in which the people of China were hungry for new ideas. There were also many dignitaries within the Chinese government that were looking to gain good political footing in order to ensure staying power. These factors all opened up the gate for Buddhism to enter Chinese society and gain popularity with the Chinese culture. At first, Buddhism was transmitted to the different East Asian countries via the Silk Road, but as its domination grew, many people began to interpret their own meaning of the Buddhist doctrines that had been translated from Indian to Chinese. Ã¢â¬Å"By the fourth century AD a much greater number of sutras were available in both north and south China, and the Chinese were beginning to realize the immensity of Buddhist literature.Ã¢â¬ Buddhism did not reach Japan, however, until October 13th, 538, from the Korean kingdom of Paekche. At this point in time, there were two major schools of Buddhism in China. The first form to emerge was known as Hinaya... Free Essays on Zen Buddhism Free Essays on Zen Buddhism ChÃ¢â¬â¢an and Zen Buddhism Throughout the early years in many East Asian countries, there were many people who were looking for answers to this worldÃ¢â¬â¢s, and otherworldly, questions. When Gotama became enlightened, and began preaching the practices of Buddhism, it came at such a time when the Han dynasty was collapsing, citizens were tired of Confucianism and looking for a new ideology that they could put there hearts and souls into. Over the years, Buddhism proved to be much more than just a religion; it became a way of life. But over time, the powerful orthodoxy transformed, and many different Buddhist sects emerged. One of the more popular sects, ChÃ¢â¬â¢an, or Zen, Buddhism, has become one of the most influential religions in China and Japan, and is still flourishing today. In the year 220 AD, as the Han dynasty was collapsing, Confucianism, then the state ideology, began to lose its popularity. This, along with the demise of the Han order, set up a situation in which the people of China were hungry for new ideas. There were also many dignitaries within the Chinese government that were looking to gain good political footing in order to ensure staying power. These factors all opened up the gate for Buddhism to enter Chinese society and gain popularity with the Chinese culture. At first, Buddhism was transmitted to the different East Asian countries via the Silk Road, but as its domination grew, many people began to interpret their own meaning of the Buddhist doctrines that had been translated from Indian to Chinese. Ã¢â¬Å"By the fourth century AD a much greater number of sutras were available in both north and south China, and the Chinese were beginning to realize the immensity of Buddhist literature.Ã¢â¬ Buddhism did not reach Japan, however, until October 13th, 538, from the Korean kingdom of Paekche. At this point in time, there were two major schools of Buddhism in China. The first form to emerge was known as Hinaya...
Wednesday, February 19, 2020
The Ways We Lie - Research Paper Example ng copywriter, and an author to Companion through the Darkness, in her writing of Ã¢â¬Å"The Ways We Lie,Ã¢â¬ tries to bring to light the numerous ways in which human beings lie to each other. The lies are justifiable by those who tell while others are not. She argues that every one of us is bound to lie and we do find excuses to get out of it when caught. There are many types of lying, which are to be discussed in this paper, and giving some examples to show how they are told. Ericsson believes that it is practically impossible to live without lying. She even tried doing that herself for a whole week, and she says that it was Ã¢â¬ËparalyzingÃ¢â¬â¢ and that Ã¢â¬Ëthere must be a merit to lyingÃ¢â¬â¢. When you lie, it puts an end to the pressing issue or the situation one is in, but others require a series of lies that could go on for a lifetime. If one is not careful, the truth comes out at some point. All they had told becomes null and they get into trouble. The white lie, we are all guilty of this. When we are with our friends, we often lie to them in their faces so that we cannot hurt their feelings (Krentz, 2007). Ã¢â¬ËYou look okay in the suitÃ¢â¬â¢ we tell this to someone getting into an interview room so that they do not panic before they get an interview for their dream job. If we were to tell them the truth at that moment, they may back out from what they were doing and try to concentrate on the not so important details, which may lead them to fail. Men lie to their women almost every morning before they go to work, Ã¢â¬ËHoney, your hair is perfectÃ¢â¬â¢, yet they have not even given the hair a look at all. Bergen Evans, an English professor said: A man who will not lie to a woman has very little consideration for her feelings. Deflection is another type of lying. It is easily visible in court when you make an accusation against someone and do not have a way to defend themselves. The only option for them is to keep quiet until the other party says something offensive about